Elementary Geometry for College Students (6th Edition)

Published by Brooks Cole
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13:

Chapter 3 - Section 3.3 - Isosceles Triangles - Exercises - Page 146: 22

Answer

$\angle ABC = 35^{\circ}$ $\angle ADC = 35^{\circ}$ $\angle 1 = 110^{\circ}$

Work Step by Step

By definition of isosceles triangles, the two angles $\angle ABD$ and $\angle ADB$ are equal. Also, the sum of the three angles of a triangle is $180^{\circ}$ Let $x$ be the measure of each angle $\angle ABD$ and $\angle ADB$ $x + x + 40^{\circ} = 180^{\circ}$ $2x = 180^{\circ}- 40^{\circ}$ $2x = 140^{\circ}$ $x = \frac{140^{\circ}}{2}$ $x = 70^{\circ}$ Then both $\angle ABD$ and $\angle ADB$ have a measure of $70^{\circ}$ Since $\overline{BC}$ bisects $\angle ABD$, we can find the measure of angle $\angle ABC$: $\angle ABC = \frac{\angle ABD}{2} = \frac{70^{\circ}}{2} = 35^{\circ}$ Since $\overline{DC}$ bisects $\angle ADB$, we can find the measure of angle $\angle ADC$: $\angle ADC = \frac{\angle ADB}{2} = \frac{70^{\circ}}{2} = 35^{\circ}$ The sum of $\angle CBD$, $\angle CDB$, and $\angle 1$ is $180^{\circ}$. We can find the measure of $\angle 1$: $\angle CBD + \angle CDB + \angle 1 = 180^{\circ}$ $35^{\circ} + 35^{\circ} + \angle 1 = 180^{\circ}$ $70^{\circ} + \angle 1 = 180^{\circ}$ $\angle 1 = 180^{\circ} - 70^{\circ}$ $\angle 1 = 110^{\circ}$
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