University Calculus: Early Transcendentals (3rd Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321999584
ISBN 13: 978-0-32199-958-0

Chapter 3 - Practice Exercises - Page 203: 96

Answer

$f$ is both continuous and differentiable at $x=0$.
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Work Step by Step

a) The function is graphed below. c) To test the differentiability of the function at $x=0$, we examine whether the left-hand derivative is the equal to the right-hand one. - For $x\to0^-$, since $x\lt0$, we have $f(x)=x$. That means $f'(x)=1$. Therefore, $\lim_{x\to0^-}f(x)=1$ - For $x\to0^+$, since $x\gt0$, we have $f(x)=\tan x$. That means $f'(x)=\sec^2x$. Therefore, $\lim_{x\to0^+}f(x)=\sec^20=1^2=1$ Since $\lim_{x\to0^+}f(x)=\lim_{x\to0^-}f(x)$, $f'(0)=\lim_{x\to0}f(x)$ exists and $f(x)$ is differentiable at $x=0$ as a result. b) Since $f$ is differentiable at $x=0$, $f$ is also continuous at $x=0$.
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