Calculus: Early Transcendentals (2nd Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321947347
ISBN 13: 978-0-32194-734-5

Chapter 1 - Functions - 1.3 Inverse, Exponential, and Logarithmic Functions - 1.3 Exercises: 83

Answer

$log_{\frac{1}{b}} x =-log_{ b } x$

Work Step by Step

Assume that $ b\gt0$ and $b\ne1$ Using change of base rule, $log_{\frac{1}{b}}x =\frac{ln x}{ln(\frac{1}{b})}$ Using logarithmic rule, $log_{\frac{1}{b}}x =\frac{ln x}{ln 1 - ln b}$ $log_{\frac{1}{b}}x =\frac{ln x}{- ln b}$ (Since $ln 1=0$) Again using change of base rule, $log_{\frac{1}{b}}x =-log_{b}x$
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