Linear Algebra and Its Applications (5th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0-32198-238-X
ISBN 13: 978-0-32198-238-4

Chapter 1 - Linear Equations in Linear Algebra - 1.1 Exercises: 29

Answer

The elementary row operation required is to swap rows (1) and (2) of the first matrix. The reverse operation is simply to swap rows (1) and (2) of the second matrix.

Work Step by Step

Recall from the bottom of page 6 and the top of page 7 that all elementary row operations are reversible. Moreover, there are only three such operations: (1) swapping two rows, (2) multiplying a row by a nonzero constant, and (3) adding a constant multiple of one row to another row.
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