## Introductory Algebra for College Students (7th Edition)

To find x, the number of years after 1980, subtract 1980 from the given year. Substitute for x and use the addition property of equality to solve the equation for p. $p-0.8x=25$ $p-0.8(2010-1980)=25$ $p-0.8(30)=25$ $p-24=25$ $p-24+24=25+24$ $p=49$ The graph shows the actual percentage was 48%, a difference of 1%. Since the actual number is smaller, the formula overestimates the percentage.