Intermediate Algebra (12th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321969359
ISBN 13: 978-0-32196-935-4

Chapter 5 - Section 5.5 - Solving Equations by the Zero-Factor Property - 5.5 Exercises: 10

Answer

$x=\left\{ 8,10 \right\}$

Work Step by Step

$\bf{\text{Solution Outline:}}$ Express the given equation, $ x^2-18x+80=0 ,$ in factored form. Then, use the Zero-Factor Property by equating each factor to zero. Finally, solve each equation. $\bf{\text{Solution Details:}}$ The factored form of the equation above is \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} (x-8)(x-10)=0 .\end{array} Equating each factor to zero (Zero-Factor Property), then \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} x-8=0 \text{ OR } x-10=0 .\end{array} Using the properties of equality to solve each of the equation above results to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} x-8=0 \\\\ x=8 \\\\\text{ OR }\\\\ x-10=0 \\\\ x=10 .\end{array} Hence, the solutions are $ x=\left\{ 8,10 \right\} .$ $\bf{\text{Supplementary Solution:}}$ To factor the expression, $ x^2-18x+80 ,$ find two numbers, $m_1$ and $m_2,$ whose product is $c$ and whose sum is $b$ in the quadratic expression $x^2+bx+c.$ Then, express the factored form as $(x+m_1)(x+m_2).$ In the given expression, the value of $c$ is $ 80 $ and the value of $b$ is $ -18 .$ The possible pairs of integers whose product is $c$ are \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} \{ 1,80 \}, \{ 2,40 \}, \{ 4,10 \}, \{ 5,16 \}, \{ 8,10 \}, \{ -1,-80 \}, \{ -2,-40 \}, \{ -4,-10 \}, \{ -5,-16 \}, \{ -8,-10 \} .\end{array} Among these pairs, the one that gives a sum of $b$ is $\{ -8,-10 \}.$ Hence, the factored form of the expression above is \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} (x-8)(x-10) .\end{array}
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