College Algebra (10th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321979478
ISBN 13: 978-0-32197-947-6

Chapter 3 - Section 3.5 - Graphing Techniques: Transformations - 3.5 Assess Your Underdstanding - Page 257: 22



Work Step by Step

RECALL: (i) $y=-f(x)$ involves a reflection about the x-axis of the parent function $y=f(x)$. (ii) $y=af(x)$ involves either a vertical compression by a factor of $a$ of the parent function $f(x)$ when $a\gt 1$ or a vertical stretch when $0 \lt a \lt 1$. (iii) $y=f(x-h)$ involves a horizontal shift of either $h$ units to the right of the parent function $f(x)$ when $h \gt 0$ or $|h|$ units to the left when $h \lt0$. (iv) $y=f(x) + k$ involves either a vertical shift of $k$ units upward of the parent function when $k\gt 0$ or $|k|$ units downward when $k \lt0$. The graph involves a 4-unit shift downward of the parent function. Using the equation in (iv) above gives: $k=-4$ Thus, the function is: $y=f(x)+k \\y=x^3+(-4) \\y=x^3-4$
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