Algebra 1: Common Core (15th Edition)

Published by Prentice Hall
ISBN 10: 0133281140
ISBN 13: 978-0-13328-114-9

Chapter 5 - Linear Functions - 5-6 Parallel and Perpendicular Lines - Lesson Check - Page 333: 1


$y = 6x$ and $y = 6x-2$ are parallel to each other. $y=-\frac{1}{6}x$ is perpendicular to both $y = 6x$ and $y = 6x-2$.

Work Step by Step

For two lines to be parallel to each other, their slopes must be equal. On comparing the equation $y = 6x$ and $y = 6x-2$ with the general equation of line, ie $y=mx+c$ where $m=$ slope of line $c=$ intercept on y-axis, we find that the slope for line $y = 6x$ and $y = 6x-2$ is 6. Therefore the two lines are parallel. For lines to be perpendicular, their slopes should satisfy the following condition, $m_{1}\times m_{2} = -1$ (product of slopes should be -1) Slope for line $y=-\frac{1}{6}x$ is $-\frac{1}{6}$ and for the lines $y = 6x$ and $y = 6x-2$ is 6. $6 \times -\frac{1}{6}=-1$ Therefore, $y=-\frac{1}{6}x$ is perpendicular to both the lines $y = 6x$ and $y = 6x-2$.
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