#### Answer

$Answer\ of\ a:$
To see what this value would look like in ASCII, we first look up the
characters $“X”$, $“+”$, and $“Y”$ in the ASCII conversion table to see
what their internal representation is in decimal.
$\ \ \ \ \ \ "X"=88$
$\ \ \ \ \ \ "+"=43$
$\ \ \ \ \ \ "Y"=89$
We then convert these decimal values to unsigned 8 -bit binary values.
$\ \ \ \ \ \ “X” = 88 = 01011000$
$\ \ \ \ \ \ “+” = 43 = 00101011$
$\ \ \ \ \ \ “Y” = 89 = 01011001$
The internal representation of the three-character string $‘X+Y’$ is formed
by putting together all three of the preceding values, producing the following $24-bit$ string:
$010110000010101101011001$
which is how a computer stores $‘X + Y’$ using ASCII encoding.
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$Answer\ of\ b:$
From the Unicode tables,
$\ \ \ \ \ \ “X” = 0058$
$\ \ \ \ \ \ “+” = 002B$
$\ \ \ \ \ \ “Y” = 0059$
where these representations are in hexidecimal (base 16) form. In base
16, digits run from 0–F rather than 0–9 as in the decimal system. Translating these representations into decimal, we get
$\begin{aligned} {"X"} &=0 \times 16^{3}+0 \times 16^{2}+5 \times 16^{1}+8 \times 16^{0} \\ &=80+8 \\ &=88 \\ {"+"} &=0 \times 16^{3}+0 \times 16^{2}+2 \times 16^{1}+11 \times 16^{0} \\ &=32+11 \\ &=43 \\ {"Y"} &=0 \times 16^{3}+0 \times 16^{2}+5 \times 16^{1}+9 \times 16^{0} \\ &=80+9 \\ &=89 \end{aligned}$
These are the same decimal values as under ASCII encoding (Unicode for
common characters agrees with ASCII encoding) but will be written in
16-bit binary form, with extra spaces for readability.
$\ \ \ \ \ \ “X” = 88 = 0000\ 0000\ 0101\ 1000$
$\ \ \ \ \ \ “+” = 43 = 0000\ 0000\ 0010\ 1011$
$\ \ \ \ \ \ “Y” = 89 = 0000\ 0000\ 0101\ 1001$
Putting these together produces the following 48-bit string for $‘X+Y’$:
$0000\ 0000\ 0101\ 1000\ 0000\ 0000\ 0010\ 1011\ 0000\ 0000\ 0101\ 1001$