Principles of Macroeconomics 7th Edition

Published by South-Western College
ISBN 10: 1-28516-591-8
ISBN 13: 978-1-28516-591-2

Chapter 1 - Ten Principles of Economics - Questions For Review: 7

Answer

The two main causes of market failure are externalities and market power. An externality is the impact of one person’s actions on the well-being of a bystander, such as from pollution or the creation of knowledge. Market power refers to the ability of a single person (or small group of people) to unduly influence market prices, such as in a town with only one well or only one cable television company. In addition, a market economy also leads to an unequal distribution of income.

Work Step by Step

Read about externalities and market power in the sub section where it discusses about them.
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