Pan's Labyrinth

Pan's Labyrinth Literary Elements


Guillermo del Toro

Leading Actors/Actresses

Ivana Baquero, Sergi López

Supporting Actors/Actresses

Maribel Verdú. Doug Jones, and Ariadna Gil


Fantasy, Horror, History




Pan's Labyrinth was nominated for six Academy Awards including: Best Original Screenplay for del Toro, Best Original Score, Best Foreign Language Film for Mexico, Best Cinematography (which it won), Best Art Direction (which it also won), and Best Makeup (which it won).

Date of Release

20 October 2006


Guillermo del Toro, Bertha Navarro, Alfonso Cuarón, Frida Torresblanco, and Alvaro Augustin

Setting and Context

1944, Spain.

Narrator and Point of View

The film is mainly told through the point of view of Ofelia, but also shifts around to more omniscient perspectives. The faun is its narrator.

Tone and Mood

Magical, Mystical, Fantastical, Dark, and Mysterious

Protagonist and Antagonist

Ofelia (Protagonist) vs. Captain Vidal (Antagonist)

Major Conflict

The major conflict of the film involves Ofelia's struggle to complete the three tasks set out by the faun, all while eluding Captain Vidal and enduring his abuse.


The climax occurs when Vidal shoots Ofelia and her blood spills, transporting her back to her throne as princess of the underworld.


Vidal's taking care with his watch foreshadows his eventual death.


The extent of Ofelia's troubles and struggles (in completing the tasks, especially) are understated in the film.

Innovations in Filming or Lighting or Camera Techniques


The films alludes to history (e.g., WWII, the Fraco-led rebellion), the Bible, mythology, fairy tales.


Carmen does not believe in the fairy tale magic that is keeping her alive. Also, Ofelia dies in the real world, but in dying, is returned to her rightful place as the princess of the underworld.


The fantasy world and the real world are presented as parallels of one another.