Fire on the Mountain is a 1977 novel by Anita Desai that deals with the subject of solitude, existentialism and oppression of females in the Indian patriarchal society. The book tells the story of Nanda Kaul, a widowed reclusive woman living in solitude who has to unwillingly take in her great-grandchild, Raka, a sickly girl from a broken marriage, and Ila, Nanda's childhood friend who becomes victim of a hate crime.
The book follows the emotions of three women as they struggle with their existence. As in the author's other books, there is a strong symbology of nature which is used to describe the psyche of characters. Desai's text won the Sahitya Akademi Award and the Winifred Holtby Memorial Prize in 1978