Facundo: Or, Civilization and Barbarism

Facundo: Or, Civilization and Barbarism Irony

Facundo and Prison

While imprisonment normally subdues and diminishes the desire to commit further wrongdoing, Facundo actually ascends due to his stay in prison.


"The Llanista himself is alone unconscious of being the most unfortunate, wretched, and barbarous of mortals, and thanks to this ignorance, he lives contentedly and happily when hunger does not trouble him." (87)

While the Llanista spreads suffering, he does so unconsciously and thus can live happily while misfortune surrounds him.

Dorrego's Demise

"The Unitarios did not understand that with Dorrego would fall those who might have interpreted between them and the provinces; or that the monster whom they feared was not seeking Dorrego, but the city, the civil institutions, of which they themselves were the exponents." (140)

The Unitarios saw the demise of Dorrego as the key to their salvation, but did not understand that the true end of their enemy was the city itself, of which they were a part.

Facundo's Troops

"From one end to the other of Quiroga's line the soldiers trembled with terror, not of the enemy, but of their chief, who walked up and down behind the line, brandishing his lance. They could only hope to escape from this oppressive terror by throwing themselves upon the enemy." (178)

Facundo's troops do not fear their enemy, but rather their own commander. They do not fight to destroy their enemy, but to flee from their own side.