What is meant by "existence precedes essence" ?
Sartre uses this phrase to describe The idea that all people are born into existence before they acquire the essence of their beings. By this statement, Sartre is highlighting the responsibility is that humans have in shaping the outcome of their lives. Actions, goals and behaviors are the things that contribute to shaping a person’s nature of being.
What is meant by "deterministic excuses" ?
This is the idea that humans must take control of their actions as this can have an impact on humanity as a whole. Their decisions may be made as one, but the effect is on humanity as a whole. Emotions such as anguish and despair guide people into considering other people in their decision making and are therefore highly important to the self.
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