Eros and Civilization: A Philosophical Inquiry into Freud was written by Herbert Marcuse and first published in 1955 by Beacon Press. In it, Marcuse, a German philosopher, explores and analyses the social theories espoused by Sigmund Freud and, to a lesser extent, by Karl Marx.
The book was widely acclaimed and is largely considered to be Marcuse's most well-known and most important work. Marcuse goes against traditional philosophy to provide an alternative perspective on Freud's psychoanalytic theories, which were widely accepted at that time.
Marcuse's text was widely reviewed by both the mainstream media and other sociology and philosophy journals. The book received generally positive reviews from and was praised by eminent philosophers and historians at that time including Abraham Edel and Robert M. Young.