Beloved

References

  1. ^ Goulimar, Pelagia, "Beloved (1987)", in Toni Morrison, Routledge, 2011, p. 81.
  2. ^ Hevesi, Dennis (April 1, 1988). "Toni Morrison's Novel 'Beloved' Wins the Pulitzer Prize in Fiction". The New York Times.
  3. ^ "National Book Awards - 1987". National Book Foundation. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  4. ^ "What Is the Best Work of American Fiction of the Last 25 Years?", The New York Times, May 21, 2006.
  5. ^ Angelo, Bonnie (May 22, 1987). "Toni Morrison: The Pain of Being Black". Time. p. 4. ISSN 0040-781X. Archived from the original on April 1, 2007. Retrieved November 20, 2012. Q. Beloved is dedicated to the 60 million who died as a result of slavery. A staggering number – is this proved historically? A. Some historians told me 200 million died. The smallest number I got from anybody was 60 million ... A lot of people died.
  6. ^ Demetrakopoulos, Stephanie A. (1992). "Maternal Bonds as Devourers of Women's Individuation in Toni Morrison's Beloved". African American Review. Indiana State University. 26 (1): 51–9. doi:10.2307/3042076. ISSN 1062-4783. JSTOR 3042076.
  7. ^ Schapiro, Barbara (1991). "The Bonds of Love and the Boundaries of Self in Toni Morrison's "Beloved"". Contemporary Literature. University of Wisconsin Press. 32 (2): 194–210. doi:10.2307/1208361. ISSN 1548-9949. JSTOR 1208361.
  8. ^ Koolish, Lynda (2001). ""To Be Loved and Cry Shame": A Psychological Reading of Toni Morrison's "Beloved"". MELUS. Society for the Study of the Multi-Ethnic Literature of the United States. 26 (4): 169–95. doi:10.2307/3185546. ISSN 1946-3170. JSTOR 3185546.
  9. ^ Fulton, Lara Mary (1997). "An unblinking gaze: Readerly response-ability and racial reconstructions in Toni Morrison's The Bluest Eye and Beloved" (M.A. thesis). Waterloo, Ontario: Wilfrid Laurier University
  10. ^ Boudreau, Kristin (1995). "Pain and the Unmaking of Self in Toni Morrison's Beloved". Contemporary Literature. University of Wisconsin Press. 36 (3): 447–65. doi:10.2307/1208829. ISSN 1548-9949. JSTOR 1208829.
  11. ^ a b Sitter, Deborah Ayer (1992). "The Making of a Man: Dialogic Meaning in Beloved". African American Review. 26 (1): 17–29. doi:10.2307/3042073. JSTOR 3042073.
  12. ^ Ng, Andrew Hock Soon (2011). "Toni Morrison's Beloved: Space, Architecture, Trauma". Symploke. 19 (1): 231–245. doi:10.5250/symploke.19.1-2.0231. ISSN 1534-0627. S2CID 142820706.
  13. ^ Tyler, Dennis (Summer 2017). "Jim Crow's Disabilities: Racial Injury, Immobility, and the "Terrible Handicap" in the Literature of James Weldon Johnson". African American Review. 50 (2): 185–201. doi:10.1353/afa.2017.0021. ISSN 1945-6182. S2CID 164739095 – via Project MUSE.
  14. ^ Gorn, Elliott J. (1984). "Black Spirits: The Ghostlore of Afro-American Slaves". American Quarterly. 36 (4): 549–565. doi:10.2307/2712750. JSTOR 2712750.
  15. ^ Boudreau, Kristin (1995). "Pain and the Unmaking of Self in Toni Morrison's "Beloved"". Contemporary Literature. 36 (3): 447–465. doi:10.2307/1208829. JSTOR 1208829.
  16. ^ Jesser, Nancy (1999). "Violence, Home, and Community in Toni Morrison's Beloved". African American Review. 33 (2): 325–345. doi:10.2307/2901282. JSTOR 2901282.
  17. ^ "The hero that moral relativism produces". Brent Cunningham. Retrieved November 11, 2021.
  18. ^ John., Eudes, Saint (2012). Baptism. Loreto Publications. ISBN 978-1-62292-025-9. OCLC 1028956462.
  19. ^ Thomas., Carlyle (2021). On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic in History. Otbebookpublishing. ISBN 978-3-98531-177-4. OCLC 1263024762.
  20. ^ Gross, Rebecca (February 9, 2015). "Toni Morrison, on How 'Beloved' Came to Be". National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  21. ^ a b "SparkNotes: Beloved: Character List". sparknotes.com. Retrieved June 12, 2017.
  22. ^ "15 Minute Drama, Beloved Episode 1 of 10". BBC. Retrieved January 4, 2016.
  23. ^ a b c "A bench by the road", UU World, August 11, 2008.
  24. ^ "Bench By The Road Project". The Toni Morrison Society. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  25. ^ Lee, Felicia R., "Bench of Memory at Slavery’s Gateway", The New York Times, July 28, 2008.
  26. ^ Heller, Dave. "Another 'Bench by the Road' marks African-American history — NewsWorks". Newsworks.org. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  27. ^ "Book Award Winners". Robert F. Kennedy Center for Justice & Human Rights. 2015. Archived from the original on December 24, 2015. Retrieved December 24, 2015.
  28. ^ McDowell, Edwin, "48 Black Writers Protest By Praising Morrison", The New York Times, January 19, 1988.
  29. ^ Troy, "Writers Demand Recognition for Toni Morrison (1988)", AALBC.com, July 27, 2012.
  30. ^ Eleanor Randolph, "Morrison Novel 'Beloved' Wins Pulitzer Prize", The Washington Post, April 1, 1988.
  31. ^ a b Giroux, Christopher; Brigham Narins (1995). "Beloved by Toni Morrison". Contemporary Literary Criticism. 87: 261–311.
  32. ^ Aubry, Timothy (2016). "Why is Beloved So Universally Beloved? Uncovering Our Hidden Aesthetic Criteria". Criticism. 58 (3): 483–506. doi:10.13110/criticism.58.3.0483. ISSN 0011-1589. JSTOR 10.13110/criticism.58.3.0483.
  33. ^ Metcalf, Stephen (May 18, 2006). "Why Is Beloved Beloved?". Slate Magazine. Retrieved March 7, 2022.
  34. ^ House, Elizabeth B. (1990). "Toni Morrison's Ghost: The Beloved is Not Beloved". Studies in American Fiction. 18 (1): 17–26. doi:10.1353/saf.1990.0016. ISSN 2158-5806. S2CID 162240884.
  35. ^ Powell, Timothy; David Middleton (1997). "Toni Morrison: The Struggle to Depict the Black Figure on the White Page". Toni Morrison's Fiction: Contemporary Criticism: 45–59.
  36. ^ Mason, Theodore O., Jr. (1990). "The Novelist as Conservator: Stories and Comprehension in Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon". In Harold Bloom (ed.). Modern Critical Views Toni Morrison. New York: Chelsea House Publishers. pp. 171–188.
  37. ^ Bowers, Susan (1997). "Beloved and the New Apocalypse". Toni Morrison's Fiction: Contemporary Criticism: 209–230.
  38. ^ Rushdy, Ashraf (1997). "'Rememory': Primal Scense and Constructions in Toni Morrison's Novels". Toni Morrison's Fiction: Contemporary Criticism: 135–164.
  39. ^ a b Matus, Jill (1998). Toni Morrison. Manchester University Press.
  40. ^ Snitow, Ann (1993). "Death Duties: Toni Morrison Looks Back in Sorrow". Toni Morrison: Critical Perspectives Past and Present: 26–32.
  41. ^ Jennings, La Vinia Delois (2008). Toni Morrison and the Idea of Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  42. ^ "100 'most inspiring' novels revealed by BBC Arts". BBC News. November 5, 2019. Retrieved November 10, 2019. The reveal kickstarts the BBC's year-long celebration of literature.
  43. ^ "Controversial Reading". The Courier-Journal. Louisville, Ky. March 21, 2007.
  44. ^ Titus, Ron, "Banned Books By Year", July 20, 2017. Archived August 17, 2018, at the Wayback Machine
  45. ^ American Booksellers Foundation for Free Expression, "Coalition to Virginia Governor: Veto the 'Beloved' Bill", National Coalition Against Censorship (NCAG), March 9, 2016.
  46. ^ Greg Sargent (November 2, 2021). "Glenn Youngkin's repulsive final push reveals a dark truth for Democrats". The Washington Post.
  47. ^ Glenn Kessler (October 27, 2021). "Glenn Youngkin's viral 'child' ad is missing important context". The Washington Post.
  48. ^ "Beloved, by Toni Morrison (Alfred A. Knopf)", The 1988 Pulitzer Prize Winner in Fiction.
  49. ^ "Toni Morrison | Beloved", The 82nd Anisfield-Wolf Book Award.

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