Stephen King was born in 1947 in Portland, Maine. After his father left, King grew up with his mother and brother. The family moved around and then returned to Maine when King was eleven years old. King graduated from high school in 1966 and went on to get his B.A. in English from the University of Maine at Orono in 1970.
Initially, King supported himself as a high school English teacher; he wrote and published short stories on the side. His first novel, Carrie, was published in 1974 by Doubleday & Co. The success of this novel enabled him to quit his teaching job and dedicate himself to writing full-time. Over the course of his career, King has published over 50 books: novels, collections of short stories, and some nonfiction. King is one of the most prominent authors of horror, suspense, and supernatural fiction of the 20th and 21st centuries. He’s sold an estimated 350 million books worldwide and his name has become synonymous with the genre of horror fiction.
King is the recipient of the 2003 National Book Foundation Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters and the 2014 National Medal of Arts. In 2000, he published the book On Writing which explores the craft of writing and his own writing career. Many of King’s books and stories have been adapted for film and TV and made their way into popular culture. Some notable adaptations include Carrie, It, The Shining, Shawshank Redemption, The Green Mile, and Stand By Me.
Stephen King is married to Tabitha King, who is also a novelist. The couple have three children and four grandchildren. The Kings split their time between Florida and Maine.