- Dickens, Charles. A Christmas Carol. New York: Bantam Books, 1997.
The Question and Answer section for A Christmas Carol is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
The references to signifiers of time are numerous in the chapter; the bells ring to herald Marley's arrival, and even the repetitive discussion of Marley's death at the beginning emphasizes the present tense in which Scrooge is stuck.
This is really asking for your opinion rather than mine. How would you take care of your employees?
I think this is used as a bit of foreshadowing for the scene when the Ghost of Marley visits Scrooge.