Organic Chemistry (8th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321768418
ISBN 13: 978-0-32176-841-4

Chapter 1 - Introduction and Review - Problems: Problem 1-6 d

Answer

Sodium has a positive charge and Oxygen has a negative charge because of having only one bond. Both the charges cancel each other to give an overall charge of zero.
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Work Step by Step

Formal Charge (FC) = [number of valence electrons] - [number of non-bonding electrons] - 1/2 [shared electrons] FC (sodium) = 1-0-0 = +1 FC (oxygen) = 6-6-1 = -1 FC (hydrogen)= 1 -0-1 = 0
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