Organic Chemistry (8th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321768418
ISBN 13: 978-0-32176-841-4

Chapter 1 - Introduction and Review - Problems: Problem 1-6 i

Answer

The formal charge of Oxygen is +1 and the formal charge of Boron is -1. Both the charges cancel each other giving an overall charge of 0.
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Work Step by Step

Formal Charge (FC) = [number of valence electrons] - [number of non-bonding electrons] - 1/2 [shared electrons] FC (Oxygen)= 6-2-3 = +1 FC (Boron) = 3-0-4 = -1 FC (Carbon) = 4-0-4 = 0 FC (Fluorine) = 7-6-1 = 0 FC (hydrogen) = 1-0-1 = 0
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