Organic Chemistry (8th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321768418
ISBN 13: 978-0-32176-841-4

Chapter 1 - Introduction and Review - Problems: Problem 1-6 j

Answer

Nitrogen has a formal charge of +1 because it has 4 bonds. So the charge of the whole molecule is +1.
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Work Step by Step

Formal Charge (FC) = [number of valence electrons] - [number of non-bonding electrons] - 1/2 [shared electrons] FC (nitrogen) = 5-0-4 = +1 FC (oxygen) = 6-4-2 = 0 FC (hydrogen) = 1-0-1 = 0
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