Organic Chemistry (8th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321768418
ISBN 13: 978-0-32176-841-4

Chapter 1 - Introduction and Review - Problems: Problem 1-6 e

Answer

Carbon forms 4 bonds to have a formal charge of 0. Since carbon has 3 bonds, it has a formal charge of +1.
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Work Step by Step

Formal Charge (FC) = [number of valence electrons] - [number of non-bonding electrons] - 1/2 [shared electrons] FC (carbon) = 4-0-3 = +1 FC (hydrogen) = 1-0-1 = 0
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