Treasure Island

very important please help!

what historical event happened at that time?

and what happened as a result of the historical event in the book?

and what is the relationship between jim hawkins and the historical event?

are there any actual historical people in treasure island?

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Stevenson was not living in Edinburgh, Scotland when he wrote Treasure Island. He was living in London, England. He wrote during Victoria's reign in England. Victoria brought a strong sense of moral values back to England. To many these very strict values were stifling. Victorian England was also the very end of the golden age of piracy. During the 16th - 18th centuries Pirates abounded in the seas and they were often encouraged by governments to attack ships of the enemy. For example, the British used their pirates to attack French or Colonial ships during the Revolution and the Colonies authorised pirates to attack British ships. Thus piracy was semi-respectable. By Victoria's time, piracy no longer had any semblance of respectability. It was synonymous with immorality and licentiousness, and thus the perfect foil for stuffy Victorian morality.The story is escape fantasy fiction so none of the characters were real. They could have been bases on certain personalities that Stevenson had met over the years,

"It was to be a story for boys; no need of psychology or fine writing; and I had a boy at hand to be a touchstone. Women were excluded... and then I had an idea for Long John Silver from which I promised myself funds of entertainment; to take an admired friend of mine... to deprive him of all his finer qualities and higher graces of temperament, and to leave him with nothing but his strength, his courage, his quickness, and his magnificent geniality, and to try to express these in terms of the culture of a raw tarpaulin."