The Odyssey

In book five of "The Odyssey",why does Zeus,despite his liking of Odysseus,allow Poseidon to make this journey such an ordeal?

i really need help on this question ASAP please, a guess or something, all i need is an answer!:)

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An interesting answer to this question is the free will vs. fate dilemma that is so present in Greek literature. In this case, we could argue that Zeus' actions represent a melding of the two sides. On one hand, Odysseus is fated to succeed by Zeus' favor. On the other, however, Poseidon's troubling power makes for a grand test of Odysseus' will to suffer and overcome.