The Question and Answer section for The Federalist Papers is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
Which of the Federalist Papers does your question pertain to?
In Madison's opinion, it was important to preserve the states because they were integral to maintaining liberty and union. Hamilton did not agree.
I don't believe my copy of the text has the same "lines" as yours, but words that affect the readers feelings about the word "faction" would likely include "violence, vice, instability, injustice, confusion, and diseases". All of these words have...