what is the significance of the prologue
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This short parable that opens the play also sets up the structure of the play. There are two disputing parties, the goat-herders and the fruit farmers. The prologue serves the function of allowing Brecht to present his ideas before the play even starts. This is extremely clever of him because the audience receives the moral of the play without even having to watch it. Thus, he gets his Communist message across immediately and only after he has presented the message does he actually allow the play to begin.