The Question and Answer section for The Birth-Mark is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
I supppose there is the sense that religion has trumphed over science. Aminadab is also slightly off or mean spirited.
I would say a perfectionist.
I'm not sure what you mean. Judging by Georgiana's reaction to her husband's demands, we can infer that as a "good wife", she did as her husband requested. The mid-1800s were definitely a time of patriarchy and submissive wives.