Vengeance, Deceit, and Pride: Building the Human Condition in Agamemnon, Electra, and The Bacchae 12th Grade
From Jason to Perseus, Greek plays popularly depict righteous mortals with honorable qualities. The abundance of heroes in Greek mythology shows the preference of many playwrights to portray humans in a positive light. However, these paragons of virtue failed to realistically present the primordial state of humanity, one defined by immorality and selfishness. Unlike most tragedians of their time, Euripides and Aeschylus presented humans in their naturally flawed state, rarely idealizing characters in their plays. As a result, they never clearly identify clear protagonists in Agamemnon, Electra, and The Bacchae because every human demonstrates both moral and immoral characteristics. Throughout the three plays, Euripides and Aeschylus develop the characters of Clytemnestra, Electra, and Pentheus to represent humanity unfiltered by the ideal standards of morality through their characterization as vengeful, deceitful, and prideful figures.
In both Agamemnon and Electra, Aeschylus develops characters that reflect the vengeful nature of humankind. His portrayal of Clytemnestra as a malicious woman fueled by revenge reveals the innate evil of humanity. Throughout Agamemnon, Clytemnestra follows the eye-for-an-eye philosophy in...
Join Now to View Premium Content
GradeSaver provides access to 1318 study guide PDFs and quizzes, 9869 literature essays, 2495 sample college application essays, 464 lesson plans, and ad-free surfing in this premium content, “Members Only” section of the site! Membership includes a 10% discount on all editing orders.
Already a member? Log in