In "The Frame Story," he rules over the kingdom of India and begins the practice of marrying wives and killing them the next morning until Scheherazade begins to tell him stories every night. Brother to Shahzaman.
In "The Frame Story," he rules over the kingdom of Samarkand and reveals to his brother Shahrayar that his wife is cheating on him.
Scheherazade is the primary storyteller of The Arabian Nights, according to "The Frame Story." The daughter of Shahrayar's vizier, she marries the king and tells him stories every night to keep him from killing her or any more of his wives. She is renowned for both her talent and beauty.
In "The Frame Story," she is Scheherazade's younger sister who asks for the stories that then keep Scheherazade alive.
The title character of "Aladdin's Lamp," he is a poor street child who becomes rich after fooling a magician and procuring a genie's lamp. He eventually marries the sultan's daughter.
In "Aladdin's Lamp," this sultan grants Aladdin his daughter's hand after the boy conjures up so much wealth via the genie. He later threatens Aladdin when the magician steals the castle and princess.
the beautiful princess
In "Aladdin's Lamp," the title character marries her after impressing the sultan with his wealth. Though kidnapped by the magician, she is eventually rescued.
In "Aladdin's Lamp," he tricks Aladdin into fetching the magic lamp for him, but Aladdin tricks him in return and takes it for himself. He is killed when he later tries to steal it back, inspiring his brother to then seek revenge.
the magician's brother
In "Aladdin's Lamp," this villain is even more vengeful than his brother. After the magician's death, he disguises himself as a well-known holy woman in order to get into Aladdin's palace.
The title character of "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves," he discovers the secret treasure cave of the forty thieves, which makes an enemy of the thief captain. Brother to Cassim, and later owner of Morgiana.
In "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves," he is Aladdin's brother. He greedily enters the cave after learning of it from Ali Baba, but is caught by the thieves and then killed.
Captain of the Thieves
In "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves," he leads the band of criminals, and tries several times to murder Ali Baba after the man finds their hiding place. He is eventually outsmarted by Morgiana.
In "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves," she is Cassim's slave who is later transferred to Ali Baba after her master's death. The cleverest character in the story, she is responsible for foiling the Thief Captain's plan.
In "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves," he is the cobbler whom Morgiana blindfolds when trying to hide the truth of Cassim's death. The thieves later use him to find Ali Baba's house.
Caliph Harun al-Rashid
The ruler in many of the Arabian Nights stories. In "The Three Apples," he demands Ja'far find the woman's killer, and later pardons the young man. In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," Sinbad brings him gifts from the King of Serendip, and the caliph later reciprocates.
In "The Three Apples," he is Caliph Harun al-Rashid's vizier. He solves the mystery at the threat of execution.
the young husband
In "The Three Apples," he kills his wife, mistakenly believing she was unfaithful. He is later pardoned after asking to be killed for his crime.
the old father
In "The Three Apples," he is the father of the young woman who was murdered. He lies to protect his son-in-law, but the young husband ultimately proves his own guilt.
In "The Three Apples," he receives one of the rare apples and then lies about it, thereby leading to the woman's murder. He is spared at Ja'far's behest.
the impoverished porter
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," this poor man stumbles upon the sailor Sinbad, and hears one of his stories each night of the week, before receiving money from the wealthy sailor. (In some versions of The Arabian Nights, he is known as Hindbad.)
A wealthy sailor who has gone on seven voyages as a merchant and faced many trials and tribulations until he finally chose to settle down with his riches.
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," he is king of the first island on which Sinbad is shipwrecked, and shows him great hospitality.
the cannibal giant
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," this creature wreaks havoc on Sinbad's third voyage, eating much of the crew before Sinbad comes up with an escape plan.
Old Man of the Sea
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," this villainous, enchanted creature latches onto Sinbad's back in his fifth journey, forcing the sailor to carry him around to fruitful trees, in the process draining the sailor's energy. Sinbad has to get the old man drunk to free himself.
King of Serendib
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," this generous ruler welcomes Sinbad to his island on the sixth journey, and then sends him back with gifts for the caliph.
Sinbad's merchant master
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," he buys Sinbad as slave after a shipwreck on the seventh voyage, and uses him to kill elephants for ivory. When Sinbad finds the elephant graveyard, the master is happy enough to set the sailor free.
chief merchant's daughter
In the alternate version of the seventh voyage of "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," she marries Sinbad and later returns home with him from the land of the bird-people.
the old fisherman
In "The Fisherman and the Jinni," this poor man releases a genie from a yellow pot, and then must outsmart the spirit to save his life. He also tells the story of "The Vizier and the Sage Duban."
In "The Vizier and the Sage Duban, this wise sage heals King Yunan's leprosy, but is killed when King Yunan's vizier plots against him.
In "The Vizier and the Sage Duban," this ruler is cured of his leprosy by the wise man Duban, but then executes the doctor after being fooled by his vizier.
King Yunan's vizier
In "The Vizier and the Sage Duban," this evil, unsightly man plots against Duban, and causes trouble for both the wise man and Yunan himself.
Hussein is the oldest of the three princes in "The Three Princes and the Princess Nouronnihar". He purchases a magic carpet that can transport him wherever he chooses.
Ali is the middle of the three princes in "The Three Princes and the Princess Nouronnihar." He purchases an ivory tube that can show the user anything he wishes.
Ahmed is the youngest of the princes in "The Three Princes and the Princess Nouronnihar." He purchases an enchanted artificial apple that can heal even the worst sickness with one sniff.
The Great Sultan of India
In "The Three Princes and the Princess Nouronnihar," he devises the competition for his sons (the princes) to take, and ultimately lauds them for working together. Father to Hussein, Ali, and Ahmed; uncle to Nouronnihar.
In "The Three Princes and the Princess Nouronnihar," she is niece to the Great Sultan, and cousin to the three princes who compete for her hand.
In "The Frame Story," he is Shahrayar's advocate sent to Samarkand to invite Shahzaman to visit India.
In "The Frame Story," he traps a beautiful woman, who then sleeps around as much as possible to scorn him. His misfortune encourages Shahrayar and Shahzaman on their quest to find someone more miserable than they are.
the demon's woman
In "The Frame Story," this woman is trapped in a glass chest by a demon, but sleeps around as much as possible (including with Shahrayar and Shahzaman) to scorn the demon.
the young man's wife
In "The Three Apples," she was falsely accused of infidelity by Ja'far's slave, and was murdered because of it.
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," several captains accidentally leave Sinbad behind, usually to come across him later apologetically.
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," this man serves King Mihrage and brings Sinbad to the king after the sailor helps him save a drowning mare.
the giant's mate
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," this creature throws rocks at the fleeing crew after they kill the cannibal giant, leaving only a few of the men alive.
the wealthy king
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," this ruler offers Sinbad a beautiful wife on his fourth voyage, not revealing that the sailor has to be buried alive with the woman after she dies according to local custom.
Sinbad's island wife
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," Sinbad marries this woman on his fourth voyage, only to then discover he must be buried alive with her according to local custom.
In "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves," she lends Ali Baba's wife a rigged scale and thereby learns the secret of their wealth.
Ali Baba's wife
In "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves," she desires to weigh the gold Ali Baba steals, so borrows a scale from Cassim's wife, which the latter woman rigs to discover their secret.
Ali Baba's son
In "Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves," he is fooled by the Captain of the Thieves into inviting the villain to dinner at Ali Baba's house.
The title character's mother in "Aladdin's Lamp," she supports his almost-fatal trip with the magician, and later helps Aladdin carry out his plan to marry the sultan's daughter.
the sultan's greedy vizier
In "Aladdin's Lamp," this man convinces the sultan to postpone the princess's marriage to Aladdin so his own son can woo her. He succeeds, but Aladdin then manages to break up the marriage.
the curious sultan
In "The Fisherman and the Jinni," this ruler is intrigued by the mystery of the colorful fish and investigates to discover and free the sad prince.
the vizier's son
In "Aladdin's Lamp," he marries the beautiful princess thanks to his father's scheming, but then loses his marriage because of Aladdin's magic.
the ring jinn
In "Aladdin's Lamp," he is the spirit conjured by the magician's ring, and less powerful than the lamp jinn.
the lamp jinn
In "Aladdin's Lamp," he is the spirit conjured by the lamp Aladdin steals for the magician, and is more powerful than the ring jinn.
the hairy men
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," these hairy, two-feet tall savages steal the ship on which Sinbad is serving, leaving the crew stranded on the island with the cannibal giant.
the naked savages
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," these men drug Sinbad's crew on his fourth journey, all in anticipation of eating them. Sinbad refuses to take their drugs.
In "The Seven Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor," these people welcome Sinbad to their community in the alternate version of the final voyage, but prove to be demons whom he must escape.
the pot jinni
In "The Fisherman and the Jinni," this spirit is released by the old fisherman after having been trapped inside a yellow jar by King Solomon of the Jinns for hundreds of years. Though he initially wishes to punish the fisherman, he is outsmarted and ultimately grants him a boon.
the sad prince
In "The Fisherman and the Jinni," this prince had been turned half-way to stone, but is released through the help of the curious sultan.
The Arabian Nights: One Thousand and One Nights Questions and Answers
The Question and Answer section for The Arabian Nights: One Thousand and One Nights is a great
resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.