The substitutents are: - 1 Amino (H2N) - 1 Chloro (Cl) - 1 Bromo (Br) - 1 Fluoro (F)
Work Step by Step
1. Identify the parent chain: In this case, since there are no bifurcations, all carbons will be on the parent line. But don't forget the functional group, which is the carboxylic acid.* * In this molecule we got an amine and a carboxylic acid, but, carboxylic acids have priority (Check list on pages 84-85), and there is only one space for a functional group in the parent chain, therefore, the amine will not be included. 2. Check the atoms, or groups, that are left: - 1 Amine (H2N) - 1 Chloride (Cl) - 1 Bromide. (Br) - 1 Fluoride. (F) 3. Give them the proper names: - Amine groups are called by "Amino". - Chloride groups are called "Chloro". - Bromide groups are called "Bromo". - Fluoride groups are called "Fluoro".