Organic Chemistry As a Second Language, 3e: First Semester Topics

Published by John Wiley & Sons
ISBN 10: 111801040X
ISBN 13: 978-1-11801-040-2

Chapter 5 - Nomenclature - 5.4 Naming Substituents - Problems - Page 94: 5.35


The substitutents are: - 1 Amino (H2N) - 1 Chloro (Cl) - 1 Bromo (Br) - 1 Fluoro (F)

Work Step by Step

1. Identify the parent chain: In this case, since there are no bifurcations, all carbons will be on the parent line. But don't forget the functional group, which is the carboxylic acid.* * In this molecule we got an amine and a carboxylic acid, but, carboxylic acids have priority (Check list on pages 84-85), and there is only one space for a functional group in the parent chain, therefore, the amine will not be included. 2. Check the atoms, or groups, that are left: - 1 Amine (H2N) - 1 Chloride (Cl) - 1 Bromide. (Br) - 1 Fluoride. (F) 3. Give them the proper names: - Amine groups are called by "Amino". - Chloride groups are called "Chloro". - Bromide groups are called "Bromo". - Fluoride groups are called "Fluoro".
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