Chemistry: Molecular Approach (4th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0134112830
ISBN 13: 978-0-13411-283-1

Chapter 1 - Exercises - Page 38: 47


a. chemical change; b. physical change; c. chemical change; d. chemical change

Work Step by Step

Natural gases contain methane. When methane is burned, it loses its identity during the combustion; therefore, this is a chemical change. Evaporation is a type of phase transition. There is no loss of identity of what substance it is; therefore, this is a physical change. Burning of liquid propane and oxygen from the air will produce carbon dioxide and water. You lose the identity of propane during the combustion process; therefore, this is a chemical change. When the bicycle's material (such as iron) reacts with oxygen and moisture (such as water), you get a rusting reaction. This changes the identity of the bicycle's material (changes the identity of iron); therefore, this is a chemical change.
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