Biology 2010 Student Edition

Published by Prentice Hall
ISBN 10: 9780133669510
ISBN 13: 978-0-13366-951-0

Chapter 3, The Biosphere - 3.1 - What is Ecology? - 3.1 Assessment - Page 68: 3a


The three basic methods of ecological research are observing, experiment, and modeling.

Work Step by Step

Observing is when scientists ask questions and simply look at what is around them. Experimenting is when scientists create artificial environments with controlled factors in order to test a certain hypothesis. Modeling is the attempt by scientists to write a model or some sort of structure to explain a scientific phenomenon. For example, mathematical models are sometimes used to explain population growth.
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