Elementary Statistics (12th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321836960
ISBN 13: 978-0-32183-696-0

Chapter 3 - Statistics for Describing, Exploring, and Comparing Data - 3-4 Measures of Relative Standing and Boxplots - Basic Skills and Concepts - Page 123: 1


Madison's height is under the mean and 2.28 standard deviations away.

Work Step by Step

A z-score indicates how many standard deviations an element is from the mean, therefore here, because the z-score is negative, Madison's height is under the mean and also, because the z-score's value is -2.28, his height is 2.28 standard deviations away from the mean.
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