I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings

why do think maya angelou refers this poem in the title of her autobiography?

Last stanza: I know why the caged birds sing, ah me

When his wings is bruised and his bosom sore,

When he beats his bars and he would be free

it is not a carol of joy or glee

but a prayer that he sends from his heart deep core

But plea, that upward to heaven he flings

I know why the caged birds sing !

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Maya sees herself as the "caged bird." She is surrounded by bars, and the book itself is the song she sings. As a girl, she was angry by her inability to move, and this novel tells the story of her path to the freedom she found through education, poetry, and literature.