Act 3, Sc. 2, lines 256-271: What effect does Claudius' reaction have on Hamlet's conflict and on the play's developing action?

Ophelia. The King rises.

Hamlet. What, frighted with false fire?

Queen. How fares my lord?

Polonius. Give o'er the play.

King. Give me some light. Away.

Polonius. Lights, lights, lights.

[Exeunt all but Hamlet and Horatio]

Hamlet. Why, let the strucken deer go weep,

The hart ungalled play;

For some must watch while some must sleep,

Thus runs the world away.

Would not this, sir, and a forest of feathers, if the rest of my

fortunes turn Turk with me, with two provincial roses on

my razed shoes, get me a fellowship in a cry of players?

Horatio. Half a share.

Hamlet. A whole one, I.

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The King gives Hamlet what he wants to see. The play rattles him enough to ask for light and leave the play. This validated everything that Hamlet has been debating for an hour and a half. The ghost of his father was an "honest ghost" and his uncle really did kill his father. Hamlet is a thinking man: his trait of overthinking is one of his tragic flaws. This scene sets up Hamlet's ability to become a man of action as far as Hamlet is capable of. It gives him moral license to avenge his father's death as well as deal with his mother's hast actions.