Great Expectations

In chapter 46-59

Why does Dickens return Pip to the countryside of his youth? What theme does this turn of events emphasize?

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Pip needed to return to his roots in order to really discover who he is and the illusion of chasing stature in society. Pip must return to his sister's funeral to reflect on the "grave" that has "opened in my road of life."  Pip sees his pursuit of being a "gentleman" to be empty and futile. The warm fire of the forge along with Biddy and Joe bring to mind everything positive in life that Pip has forsaken. Pip becomes like the Old Testament’s "prodigal son". He returns to the country knowing the people he left made him a gentleman instead of external material pursuits. .