11th Grade

E. E. Cummings: Poems

Throughout his illustrious career, E.E. Cummings produced some of the finest poems, plays, and paintings the world has ever seen. While many are masterpieces, few are as unique as his leaf-style poems. Perhaps his most famous – and arguably his...

College

Chronicle of a Death Foretold

There are a copious of characters that play some vital role in Chronicle of a Death Foretold – minor or major – that individually pose as an example or symbol for a theme or idea. Consider the bishop, who only appears momentarily in the beginning...

College

Lady Susan

The French philosopher Jacques Rousseau had a great influence upon Romantic writers with his radical yet traditional views on education; where he believed that women’s education was considerably different to that of a man. He famously said; ‘the...

10th Grade

The Bell Jar

Sylvia Plath, the author of The Bell Jar, once said, “Is there no way out of the mind?” (Sylvia). Like her protagonist, Esther Greenwood, Plath struggled with depression and mental illness. This aspect of her life became a very prominent theme in...

11th Grade

Twelfth Night

As is suggested in Armfield’s 1986 version of Twelfth Night, Orsino is certainly in love with the idea of love, at least at the beginning of the play, as his opening soliloquy is spoken as a performance to the party guests, suggesting that his...

College

The Case Against Satan

The novel The Case Against Satan was written by Ray Russell in 1962 and follows what is believed to be the possession of Susan Garth, a sixteen year old girl. Whether she is possessed or is suffering from a psychiatric illness is disputed...

12th Grade

Carol Ann Duffy: Poems

It is a common conception that men are treated negatively in feminist literature. Whether this is a fair comment or not is up for debate, but literary critic Hans Bertens believes that feminist literature follows a particular pattern. He argues...

12th Grade

Brighton Rock

There are two key types of suffering present in Brighton Rock: physical and psychological. Whilst Pinkie can at a glance be blamed for much of the physical suffering that characters are subject to, Greene gives the sense that other factors are at...

12th Grade

Carol Ann Duffy: Poems

In ‘The Crown’, Carol Ann Duffy explores the prestige and catalogue of duties entailed by queenship through an extended description of a crown. Whilst it cannot be denied that monarchy in the poem is presented as deserving of both awe and respect,...

College

God Help the Child

In order to affirm one’s personal identity in the context of social structure, we often seek affirmation through relationships with other people. While these identities are constructed by our society, they play an influential role in the...

12th Grade

Mary Oliver: Poetry

The poem “The Black Walnut Tree” by Mary Oliver poignantly dramatizes the conflict a mother and daughter face between sentiment and money. The conflict arises over the choice of whether or not to cut down the eponymous walnut tree to “pay off the...