Comparison between the Optimistic Philosophy of Pangloss and the Pessimism of Martin 10th Grade

Voltaire’s Candide presents two theorists Dr. Pangloss and Martin in the novel about the travels and quest of the titular protagonist Candide. Both are described as philosophers in the text, notably, Martin is a philosopher whom Candide meets along the way, whilst Dr. Pangloss is an instructor from Candide’s childhood. Aside from that, these two individuals have different opinions concerning philosophy and life in its entirety. Martin is a pessimistic intellectual, while Pangloss is more an optimistic observer. Despite the fact that the text has an interesting narrative about the adventures of Candide, it shows the true nature of Pangloss and Martin by contrasting their outlooks as well as showing how this difference is used to challenge the assumption of the Age of Enlightenment.

From the beginning of the story, Pangloss is very confident in his theory of optimism, which states that the world is the most ideal of all other universes. Notably, the philosophies of both characters can be traced back to the history of each person. Pangloss is Candide's mentor in a German castle, as stated in the book, it is clear that the young man subsisted in a life filled with lavishness and luxury. Depending on the way he enjoys the best...

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