The Question and Answer section for Aristotle’s Poetics is a great resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
Paragraph 1 summarizes the text's central idea. Namely, that poets should avoid constructing complicated plot lines when crafting a work of tragedy.
This is only a short answer space but I can make a general comment. There are two common ways to think of art: some consider it to be an expression of what is original and unusual in human thinking; Aristotle, on the other hand, argues that that...
In context, I would say the "example" of a virtuous man.