confused about the meaning. please someone explain
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The inspector is making a powerful speech about how the community is more important than individual interests. He says everyone will suffer if people do not take care of each other.
And I tell you that the time will soon come when, if men will not learn that lesson, when they will be taught it in fire and blood and anguish.
In addition to what is mentioned above, "fire and blood and anguish" could be possibly referencing Hell or the social unrest at the time. When Priestley wrote the play in '45, he could have also been warning of a third World War. Unless the Birlings - and individuals with like thoughts and ideas - changed their ways, these things would happen. Perhaps think of the Inspector similarly to the the spirits in Dicken's 'A Christmas Carol', where they are omniscient and forseeing and warn Scrooge that if he does not change, the events shown to him would play out. In AIC, this is also seen when the Birlings are informed of a suicide by drinking disinfectant at the end of the play. The Inspector appears to have been sent to warn them, and when he leaves and they do not change, there is a suicide - note, this is not neccesarily the Eva Smith/Daisy Renton referenced throught the play.
Knowledge of the play.
It's actually an allusion towards the first world war. The play is set in 1912, two years prior.