A Theory of Justice

Nozick vs Rawls: Justice 11th Grade

In his famous work, A Theory of Justice, John Rawls argues that, as a consequence of his three principles of justice, people are not entitled to reap the benefits of their natural talents in such a way as does not benefit society at large, claiming that “inequalities of birth and natural endowment are deserved, these inequalities are to be somehow compensated for” (86). He introduces the principle of redress to determine this compensation. The principal of redress is not one of his three core principles of justice (it is, “a prima facie principale, one that is to be weight in the balance with others” ) however, in order to make his argument for the principal of redress more compelling he ties it in with the difference principle, the second part of the second of the three main principles of justice (86). I have included his explanation of the connection and the explication of his position in regards to natural talent in full, as its complexity and specificity resists summation without oversimplification:

"The difference principle represents, in effect, a agreement to regard the distribution of natural talents as in some respects a common asset and to share in the greater social and economic benefits made possible by the...

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