A mineral treatment at a spa. In Guido's case, holy water used to treat bodily ills.
An ideology that proposes Communism as a means of eliminating class inequalities, developed by nineteenth-century thinker Karl Marx.
A theory wherein the truth of principles or theories is judged by how effective they are when applied to real life.
An artistic movement and/or ideology that advocates for the realistic representation of subjects, though what is meant by "realistic" is subject to interpretation. The artistic Realism movement of the nineteenth century rejected the Romanticism that had dominated art and literature for years.
Refers to art having infinite representations of itself within itself. For example, a film within a film (81/2), or a picture within a picture.
Something intentionally surreal or absurd, especially in art.
Stream of Consciousness
A style of narration structured to mimic a character's thoughts and reactions in real time, as opposed to narration that strives to present plot information in an ordered, intelligible way.
The film director's version of "writer's block," a sensation wherein a writer feels unable to think of new ideas or conquer the blank page.
Art, especially film and video, depicting sexual acts. Largely considered more vulgar than sex scenes in regular film, even though the former often resembles the latter.
Dirty and unpleasant, especially as a result of neglect or poverty.
Designed to avoid dealing with reality
Uncalled for, unrelated
Unnecessary, or more than enough
Deprived of strength
To consume avidly and wholly
Deliverance from harm or pain
Genuine or real
Resentful at being treated unfairly
Illogical logic that guides dreams but would not pass for logic in waking life
8 ½ Questions and Answers
The Question and Answer section for 8 ½ is a great
resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.