Part 1 of the book 1984
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Everyone's afraid of children, since children are trained to spy from the tome they're very young.
Winston is a very sensitive guy, who feels (and knows!) that the children almost from their day of birth are brought up by their parents (or if not by their parents, than at least), by their schools and youth organisations, to spy on their fellow human beings (even their own parents, nice helping friends or neighbours of the family, other family-members), and denounce them to the police if they consider someone who is not acting in accordance to the principles of the party, in that way the children in that society are very powerfull and might really be very abusive of that power, the children knowledgeable of their power, know they can really terrorise people around them, for example Winston is terrorised by Parsons' children when he (nice person as he was!) was finised with fixing the sink in Mrs Parsons home, (in the book, not by the 1956 BBC-adaptation) by Parsons' boy, who (in the book) said really dangerous things toward Winston as for example "You are a thoughtcriminal" he not only said it, he also shouted it, which might have been really dangerous to Winston as in that way the boy could very easily betray Winston to the police!
I think in general Winston is not only afraid of the Parson's children, but of (Outer Party) children in general, and I think not only Winston was afraid of Outer Party children but, anyone else of about the age of let's say from about around 30 was!
Thouhgt in the 1956 BBC-adaptation, the boy's sitting next to Winston and also is uttering those words like 'thoughtcriminal', 'traitor', 'saboteur', 'goldsteinist', but he seemed to do it more in general, maybe not exactly toward Winston, but I'm not sure though. . . !
It was the 1954-BBC-adaptaion, though.
Though, I must admit, I can't undestand every word what they (especially the children were saying (English is not my native-language!) in the 1954-BBC adaptation, it seemed the girl was accusing Winston, and the boy got with her, I think, thereafter he said words like 'thoughtcrminal', etc, it was the girl's own hair, clogging the sink, though, she was not very happy when that was found out, thats said, it was in the 1954 BBC-adaptation, of course, not in the book!
In 1984, Winston Smith is always under heavy pressure to always watch what he does every single day of his life. For example, when Winston went over to the Parsons' house, the children continuously yelled out words at him such as " ‘You’re a traitor!’ ‘You’re a thought criminal! You’re a Eurasian spy! I’ll shoot you, I’ll vaporize you,
I’ll send you to the salt mines!’ " (Orwell 29).
Winston immediately became shocked and surprised at the children of that household. Now the reason why Winston was so afraid of these children, has to do with symbolism. Winston was shocked at how corrupted the children were, them broadly accusing him of treason and being a thought criminal. The children's ruthless and savage behavior symbolizes the fact that society in his time is so heavily corrupted by madness and chaos. And the reason as to why Winston was so afraid of the children, is because they represent society's corruption. As well as the corruption of society as a whole, there is also Winton's insecurity of innocence (the children) becoming so evil and corrupted.
1984 by George Orwell