O’Brien later uses what Winston and Julia agree to against them in his torture/interrogation to show that they have no principles and like Big Brother are willing to use any means to achieve their ends. This scene is key to the moral and ethical issues raised by the novel.
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This is a huge question to ponder: it is much too large for this short space. Within the context of the book, Winston decided that it was better to feel life for a short time than to simply exist for a longer time. He might have thought differently if he knew the torture he would face after he got caught.