an area of inflamed or swollen tissue in the body that is filled with pus
a natural liking or attraction to something
relating to agony, particularly near death
A disease of the immune system caused by a virus. Also known as the acquired immunodeficiency virus.
to lessen the pain of something
a hypothetical infectious pathogen with the ability to mutate unpredictably and resist destruction
a small room leading into a larger one
an infectious disease caused by a spore-forming bacterium
an alcoholic beverage typically taken as an appetizer
a machine that can move independently; also a person who acts in a mechanical way
to turn away
confused or preoccupied
the containment of materials that are potentially hazardous to life
any virus, toxin, or bacterium that could potentially be used in biological warfare
the level of containment precautions necessary to isolate biological agents in an enclosed facility.
Biosafety level 1
This level is used for biological agents that do not typically cause disease in adult humans and present minimal danger to laboratory personnel
Biosafety level 2
the level of containment precautions necessary to isolate agents of moderate danger to humans
Biosafety level 3
the level of containment precautions necessary to isolate agents that can cause serious and fatal disease in humans for which treatments exist. Examples include West Nile virus, rabies, and yellow fever.
Biosafety level 4
the level of containment precautions necessary to isolate agents that can cause severe and fatal disease in humans for which treatments do not exist. Examples include Ebola virus, Marburg virus, and smallpox.
to expand or swell
liquid that separates from blood after it clots
a serious disease caused by eating spoiled food
loud and harsh sounds
a dead body
a thick, hardened part of the skin
extensive slaughter or death
fear of small or enclosed spaces
to change from a liquid to a thickened mass
a pipe or tube, typically for conveying fluid
to consider thoughtfully
dispute or disagreement
wrinkled or folded
crash and bleed
military slang meaning to hemorrhage from multiple orifices before dying suddenly
to shrink back or cower
mysterious or secret
covered in spots of different shapes and colors
the process of cleaning an object to remove biological hazards and other harmful substances
suffering from a disorder of the mental faculties (often caused by fever)
loss of intellectual capacity due to brain damage
to deprive of individuality and personality
to worsen over time
the medical process of removing blood from a person, cleaning it, and returning it to the person
a sharp knife with an edge made from diamond. Frequently used for scientific and medical procedures.
a bitter verbal attack
the last remaining part
a lethal filovirus from the tropics with three known sub-types: Ebola Zaire, Ebola Sudan, and Ebola Reston. Closely related to the Marburg virus.
difficult to understand or explain
liquid disinfectant used in chemical showers.
to kill, often in order to end suffering
a resident in a foreign country; also, an exiled person
multiplication of a virus throughout the host
In Latin, "thread virus." The filovirus family consists of four simlar viruses: Marburg, Ebola Zaire, Ebola Sudan, and Ebola Reston. Each strain consists of seven proteins, four of which are unknown.
the decay of tissue caused by a lack of blood supply
a type of blackbird
excrement or dung from birds and bats, frequently used as fertilizer
a wheeled stretcher used to transport patients
a genetic disorder that affects blood clotting
severe bleeding that is difficult to control
a surgical clamp used to constrict blood vessels
human immunodeficiency virus. A retrovirus that causes AIDS by infecting the immune system.
a plant or animal that harbors a parasite, such as a virus
angry and aggressive
a deadly virus for which there is no vaccine and no cure
hot zone; hot area
an area containing lethal and/or infectious organisms
intensive care unit
difficult to perceive
impossible to appease or calm
to burn to ashes
the development of an infectious disease or virus from the time of infection through the appearance of symptoms
the first known case in a viral outbreak
difficult to understand
displaying a tendency to spread into healthy tissue
a medical condition in which a person's skin and eyes turn yellow
a medical instrument used to examine the larynx
an infected patch of skin
a state of inactivity and apathy
the process of turning into a liquid
A virus that first appeared at the Behring Works vaccine factory in Marburg, Germany in 1967 and demonstrated a 1 in 4 kill rate. Belongs to a family of viruses known as the filoviruses.
a digging tool with a flat blade
A particularly deadly strain of Ebola virus, named for a nurse who died from it in 1976.
using short, one-syllable words
the examination of a body after death
quick and light in movement
an object with an elongated shape, such as a rectangle or an ellipse
displaying a milky shimmer similar to an opal
an organism that lives on or inside another species
an outburst of emotion; also, a sudden attack by a disease
relating to country-life; rural
A scientist who studies the nature of disease and its causes
a purplish spot on the skin caused by a small hemorrhage
adapted for grabbing or holding
a ridge of land that juts out into a body of water
enforced isolation to prevent the spread of a contagious disease
a space suit with a battery-powered air supply used for biohazard fieldwork
happening again or repeatedly
to throw up or vomit
to make exact copies of
Forceps used to cut through bone and heavy tissue. In French, "gnawer."
a tropical grassland
to examine closely
an animal used to detect risk to humans from an environmental factor, such as a virus.
Simian hemorrhagic fever. A virus found in monkeys that is harmless to humans.
a tall structure used for storing feed
given to doubt or questioning
to shed or cast off
an organ near the stomach that produces white blood cells
a combination of saliva and mucus expelled from the lungs
sulky and bad-tempered
a large piece of waterproof material used to cover things
strong and clear, without doubt
The United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, in Frederick, Maryland. Also referred to as "the Institute."
a carrier or transporter of a virus
black vomit associated with the ebola virus and yellow fever
The Hot Zone Questions and Answers
The Question and Answer section for The Hot Zone is a great
resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
The author reflects on the ease in which a virus like Marburg or Ebola can spread. It is an unsettling feeling he leaves us with. He goes back to the Kitum Cave and the Monkey house to see nature reclaiming the places but this time he wonders if...
Colonel CJ Peters was Chief of the disease-assessment division at USAMRIID. During the outbreak at the Reston facility, Peters is the official leader of the biocontainment operation. In addition, Peters is responsible for "news containment" in...