Chemistry: The Central Science (13th Edition)

Published by Prentice Hall
ISBN 10: 0321910419
ISBN 13: 978-0-32191-041-7

Chapter 6 - Electronic Structure of Atoms - Exercises: 6.72c

Answer

The maximum number of electrons possible in this atom is 2.

Work Step by Step

*NOTES TO REMEMBER: - The maximum number of electrons which can occupy an orbital is 2. - The number of orbitals in a subshell depends on the type of subshells: +) Subshell $s$: $l=0$, so $m_l=0$. Therefore, 1 orbital. +) Subshell $p$: $l=1$, so $m_l=-1,0,1$. Therefore, 3 orbitals. +) Subshell $d$: $l=2$, so $m_l=-2,-1,0,1,2$. Therefore, 5 orbitals. +) Subshell $f$: $l=3$, so $m_l=-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3$. Therefore, 7 orbitals. $n=5$ means we are referring to the fourth shell. $l=3$, that means we are talking about the subshell $5f$. Subshell $5f$ has 7 orbitals, with $m_l$ ranging from $-3$ to $3$. However, since they already gave $m_l=2$, we only consider only 1 specific orbital: $5f$ with $m_l=2$. Two electrons in maximum can occupy an orbital. Since there is only 1 orbital here, the maximum number of electrons possible in this atom is 2.
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