Chemistry: The Central Science (13th Edition)

Published by Prentice Hall
ISBN 10: 0321910419
ISBN 13: 978-0-32191-041-7

Chapter 6 - Electronic Structure of Atoms - Exercises: 6.66c

Answer

3 important pieces of information can be obtained from the radial probability functions: - The number of peaks - The number of nodes - The size of the orbital / The probability of finding an electron further from the nucleus

Work Step by Step

3 important pieces of information can be obtained from the radial probability functions: - The number of peaks (the place where an electron is most likely to be found) is equal with the principal quantum number $n$. The outermost peak is larger than the innermost ones. - The number of nodes (the place where there is no chance to find an electron) is equal to $n-1$. - As $n$ increases, the size of the orbital increases as well. In detail, the electron density is more spread out, meaning that there is a greater probability of finding an electron further from the nucleus.
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