## Chemistry: The Central Science (13th Edition)

*NOTES TO REMEMBER: - The maximum number of electrons which can occupy an orbital is 2. - The number of orbitals in a subshell depends on the type of subshells: +) Subshell $s$: $l=0$, so $m_l=0$. Therefore, 1 orbital. +) Subshell $p$: $l=1$, so $m_l=-1,0,1$. Therefore, 3 orbitals. +) Subshell $d$: $l=2$, so $m_l=-2,-1,0,1,2$. Therefore, 5 orbitals. +) Subshell $f$: $l=3$, so $m_l=-3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3$. Therefore, 7 orbitals. $n=4$ means we are referring to the fourth shell. $l=3$, that means we are talking about the subshell $4f$. Subshell $4f$ has 7 orbitals. 2 electrons in maximum can occupy the same orbitals. Since there are 7 orbitals there, the maximum number of electrons in the mentioned atom is 14.