The two most significant civilizations of the world developed in the same region of Middle East and North Africa, closely interlinked and influenced by each other. In more ways than one these civilizations grew up in contrast of each other.
The way of Government which in case of Egypt was central and authoritative in the case of Mesopotamian stresses mostly on city-state equation. The difference in architecture was drastic. Whereas the Egyptians liked majestic structures, the Mesopotamian art was simple and had a strong literary element which the other lacked.