The Great Gatsby

The gatsby of the great(Aka the great gatsby)

About half way between West Egg and New York the motor road hastily joins the railroad and runs beside it for a quarter of a mile, so as to shrink away from a certain desolate area of land. This is a valley of ashes — a fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens; where ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke and, finally, with a transcendent effort, of men who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air. Occasionally a line of gray cars crawls along an invisible track, gives out a ghastly creak, and comes to rest, and immediately the ash-gray men swarm up with leaden spades and stir up an impenetrable cloud, which screens their obscure operations from your sight.

-what is the effect of the simile in the second sentence? Why would Fitzgerald choose this particular thing with which to compare the ashes?

-what is the effect of the polysyndeton?

can you please help me with this I honestly don't know it and it's frustrating me

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A fantastic farm where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens. This simile tells us that this "farm" is rotten. There is really nothing farm-like about it unless you think things rank and gross in nature grow in it. Yes, it kind of reminds us of Hamlet's Denmark. Fitzgerald is trying to portray the rotting reality of the American Dream juxtaposed with the small percentage of filthy rich in East Egg. Polysyndeton is a stylistic device in which several coordinating conjunctions are used in succession in order to achieve an artistic effect. Fitzgerald builds on his description of the Valley of Ashes with conjunctions describing